Asia Pacific Automotive Labels Market Report

Asia Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Type, by Raw Material, by Identification Technology, by Printing Technology, by Mechanism, by Application, Region, Trends, Competitive Analysis, and Growth Opportunities, Key Insights.
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Executive Summary

Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market from Consainsights analyses the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market in the Automotive & Mobility industry over the forecast period to 2026.

Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels research report from Consainsights outlines the detailed strategic analysis, trends, market opportunities, growth prospects, industry and market challenges and sustainable solutions to sustain in the competitive environment.

Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels segmentation includes Type, Raw Material, Identification Technology, Printing Technology, Mechanism, Application and Geography.

Market analysis on the basis of Type include Warning & Safety Labels, Asset Labels, Branding Labels, Dome Labels, Other Automotive Labels. This segmentation encompasses the key innovations and micro & macro trends, companies/manufacturers operating in this space along with their usage and penetration with respect to the wide range of End Users. Additionally, market sizing information along with the key factors such as market drivers, restraints, opportunities and challenges which are likely to be influencing the market growth are outlined in this report.

Based on the Raw Material, the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market analysis covers Polypropylene, Polyethylene (Pe), Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet), Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc), Polycarbonate (Pc), Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (Abs), Polyurethane (Pu), Others.

Based on the Identification Technology, the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market analysis covers Barcode, Rfid, Hologram, Others.

Based on the Printing Technology, the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market analysis covers Flexography, Offset, Digital Printing, Screen Printing, Others.

Based on the Mechanism, the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market analysis covers Pressure-Sensitive Labeling, Glue-Applied Labeling, Heat Transfer, In-Mold Labeling, Others.

Based on the Application, the Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market analysis covers Exterior Labels, Engine Components, Interior Labels, Others.

Key companies operating in the market include 3M, Upm Raflatac, Avery Dennison Corporation, Sika Ag, Ccl Industries, Inc., H.B. Fuller, Imagetek Labels and so on. This report covers the detailed analysis of the company profiles such as business segments, product portfolio, key brand insights and growth strategies adopted, company SWOT and Strategy analysis along with the financial analysis and analyst insights on the key companies operating in this market.

Moreover, the competitive analysis includes the companies deals such as Mergers, Acquisitions, Partnerships and so on along with the expansion areas focusing on the additional geographies, future insights for success and market share analysis. Major players strategies include the launch of the innovative product lines along with the emphasis on the partnerships and acquisitions to standardize their market share in the market space.

Market Research methodology includes the triangulation of the data from the data sources such as Primary Market Research approach and Secondary Market Research Approach along with the data from the trade bodies and industry standard publications and data sources. Primary inputs from the industry experts and the market respondents from the respective industries to obtain very critical information to assess the future growth prospects of the market. The final data is triangulated and thoroughly validated considering all the data sources using the bottom-up and the top-down approaches to estimate the market sizing of the individual segments.

Report Metric

Details

Market size available for years

2017-2026

Base year considered

2020

Forecast period

2021-2026

Forecast units

Value (USD Billion)

Segments covered

Type, Raw Material, Identification Technology, Printing Technology, Mechanism, Application

Countries covered

China, Japan, India, Southeast Asia, Australia & New Zealand, Rest of Asia-Pacific

Companies Covered

3M, Upm Raflatac, Avery Dennison Corporation, Sika Ag, Ccl Industries, Inc., H.B. Fuller, Imagetek Labels, Lewis Label Products, Dunmore, Adhesive Research, Inc.

The Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market is segmented into the following categories:

Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Type:

  • Warning & Safety Labels

Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Raw Material:

    Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Identification Technology:

    • Barcode

    • Rfid

    • Hologram

    • Others

    Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Printing Technology:

    • Others

    Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Mechanism:

    • Pressure-Sensitive Labeling

    • Glue-Applied Labeling

    • Heat Transfer

    • In-Mold Labeling

    • Others

    Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market by Application:

    • Exterior Labels

    • Engine Components

    • Interior Labels

    Table of Contents

    1. Executive Summary

    2. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market Overview

      1. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market Definition & Scope
      2. Currency, Year and Forecasts Overview
      3. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market 360° Synopsis: Overview
    3. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Industry Analysis

      1. Industry Value Chain Analysis
      2. Key Companies at each phase of Value Chain
      3. Industry Trend Analysis
    4. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market Analysis

      1. Drives, Restraints, Opportunities and Challenges Impact Analysis
      2. Porter’s Five Force Model Analysis
      3. PESTLE Analysis
      4. BPS Analysis
      5. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market Key Innovation & Trends
      6. Pricing Patterns (Company & Product Type)
    5. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Type

      1. Introduction
      2. Warning & Safety Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      3. Asset Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Asset Labels Market Size, By Mechanism
        2. Asset Labels, By Identification Technology
        3. Asset Labels Market, By Printing Technology
        4. Asset Labels Market, By Application
      4. Branding Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Branding Labels Market Size, By Mechanism
        2. Branding Labels, By Identification Technology
        3. Branding Labels Market, By Printing Technology
        4. Branding Labels Market, By Application
      5. Dome Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Dome Labels Market, By Mechanism
        2. Dome Labels, By Identification Technology
        3. Dome Labels Market, By Printing Technology
        4. Dome Labels Market, By Application
      6. Other Automotive Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Other Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism
        2. Other Automotive Labels, By Identification Technology
        3. Other Automotive Labels Market, By Application
    6. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Raw Material

      1. Introduction
      2. Polypropylene: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polypropylene Market, By Type
        2. Polypropylene Market , By Application
      3. Polyethylene (Pe): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polyethylene Market, By Type
        2. Polyethylene Market , By Application
      4. Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polyethylene Terephthalate Market, By Type
        2. Polyethylene Terephthalate Market, By Application
      5. Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polyvinyl Chloride Market, By Type
        2. Polyvinyl Chloride Market, By Application
      6. Polycarbonate (Pc): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polycarbonate Market, By Type
        2. Polycarbonate Market, By Application
      7. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (Abs): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Market, By Type
        2. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Market, By Application
      8. Polyurethane (Pu): Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Polyurethane Market, By Type
        2. Polyurethane Market, By Application
      9. Others: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Other Raw Materials Market, By Type
    7. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Identification Technology

      1. Introduction
      2. Barcode: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      3. Rfid: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      4. Hologram: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      5. Others: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
    8. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Printing Technology

      1. Introduction
      2. Flexography: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Flexography Market, By Mechanism
      3. Offset: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Offset Market, By Mechanism
      4. Digital Printing: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Digital Printing Market, By Mechanism
      5. Screen Printing: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Screen Printing Market, By Mechanism
      6. Others: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
    9. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Mechanism

      1. Introduction
      2. Pressure-Sensitive Labeling: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      3. Glue-Applied Labeling: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      4. Heat Transfer: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      5. In-Mold Labeling: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      6. Others: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
    10. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Application

      1. Introduction
      2. Exterior Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      3. Engine Components: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      4. Interior Labels: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      5. Others: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)

        1. Other Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism
    11. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Country

      1. Introduction
      2. China: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      3. Japan: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      4. India: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      5. Southeast Asia: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      6. Australia & New Zealand: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
      7. Rest of Asia-Pacific: Market Trends, Size, and Forecast (2017-2026)
    12. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Company Analysis

      1. Introduction
      2. 3M

        1. Overview
        2. Business Portfolio
        3. Product Portfolio
        4. Key Brands Insights
        5. Company SWOT & Strategic Analysis
        6. Company Financials
        7. Analyst Insights
      3. Upm Raflatac

      4. Avery Dennison Corporation

      5. Sika Ag

      6. Ccl Industries, Inc.

      7. H.B. Fuller

      8. Imagetek Labels

      9. Lewis Label Products

      10. Dunmore

      11. Adhesive Research, Inc.

    13. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Competitive Analysis

      1. Strategic Dashboard of Top Market Players
      2. Companies Deals (Mergers, Partnerships, Acquisitions, JVs)
      3. Expansion Areas (Based on Company Analysis)
      4. Market Share Analysis
    14. Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Distribution Channel Analysis

      1. Distributor Type Analysis
      2. Major Distributors (Key Countries)
      3. Future Growth Prospects
    15. Industry & Analysts Insights for Success

    16. Research Methodology

    17. Appendix

      1. List of Tables
      2. List of Figures
      3. Available Customizations
      4. Related Reports

    List of Figures

    Figure 1: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Structure

    Figure 2: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Value Chain Analysis

    Figure 3: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Porter's Five Forces Model

    Figure 4: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market: Market Dynamics

    Figure 5: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 6: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 7: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 8: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 9: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 10: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 11: China Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 12: China Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 13: China Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 14: China Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 15: China Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 16: China Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 17: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 18: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 19: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 20: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 21: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 22: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 23: India Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 24: India Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 25: India Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 26: India Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 27: India Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 28: India Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 29: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 30: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 31: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 32: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 33: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 34: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 35: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 36: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 37: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 38: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 39: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 40: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 41: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 42: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 43: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 44: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 45: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Figure 46: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    List of Tables

    Table 1: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 2: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 3: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 4: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 5: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 6: Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 7: China Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 8: China Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 9: China Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 10: China Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 11: China Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 12: China Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 13: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 14: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 15: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 16: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 17: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 18: Japan Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 19: India Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 20: India Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 21: India Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 22: India Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 23: India Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 24: India Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 25: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 26: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 27: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 28: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 29: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 30: Southeast Asia Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 31: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 32: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 33: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 34: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 35: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 36: Australia & New Zealand Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 37: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Type, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 38: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Raw Material, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 39: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Identification Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 40: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Printing Technology, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 41: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Mechanism, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Table 42: Rest of Asia-Pacific Automotive Labels Market, By Application, 2017-2026 (USD Million)

    Research Methodology

    Introduction

    This research study extensively involved secondary and primary data sources. Initially, all the important terms and processes related to the Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market were identified. Then, each of these terms was clearly defined and relationships were established among them in the form of parent market, peer markets, and child markets. The entire value-chain was also studied to distinguish various solution and service providers that are operating in the global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market and how the services are being delivered or consumed in every phase of the value chain. The overall objective of this process was to identify the important segments of the Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market that meet two important criteria– 1) their revenue is derivable using assumptions and expert opinions 2) their definitions are unique and non-overlapping.

    After defining the market segments, the supply side analysis was carried out where the individual players operating in various segments of the Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market were identified and their revenues were analyzed to derive the segmental shares. The derived shares were also validated through an extensive demand side analysis. The below figure depicts different phases of the report production process.

    Phases of the report production process

    Secondary Research

    This research study was initiated with detailed study of information available in the public domain and paid databases. Various secondary sources that were referred during this study include company websites, product descriptions, whitepapers, survey papers, annual reports, investor presentations, press releases, blogs, news, journals, magazines; audit reports, articles published by associations, and paid databases, such as Factiva, D&B Hoovers, and Bloomberg BusinessWeek. The key objective behind secondary research was to obtain information regarding the market evolution, ecosystem, value-chain, total pool of solution and service providers, market segmentation, recent developments, upcoming opportunities and challenges, and various factors that are impacting the market. These data were further validated through primary research.

    Primary Research

    In primary research, various industry experts from both supply and demand side were interviewed to obtain critical information on competitive landscape, vendor shares, value-chain, pricing strategy, and adoption trends. The primary sources include industry experts, such as CXOs, Vice Presidents, Marketing Directors, Technology Directors, and Business Development Managers of companies that are operating in the global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market. Primary research was also conducted to validate the market segmentations, industry trends, market size, future prospects for market growth, and key strategies adopted by the major players to gain leading position in the market.

    Market Size Estimation And Forecasting

    This research study followed two approaches to estimate and forecast the size of global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market and its sub-segments– top-down and bottom-up approach. Important data those were used during this process include list of top players operating in the market, their share in the market, and total pool of solution and service providers. This entire process includes the study of annual and financial reports and extensive interview with industry experts across the value-chain. All important factors that are impacting the market were analyzed and verified through primary research. These data were consolidated and processed through an in-house developed market intelligence engine to derive the final quantitative data.

    Top-Down Approach

    The top-down approach was employed to derive the global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market size through vendor share analysis. More than 40 key players were analyzed and their total contribution in the global market size was found to be around 70%. Thus, remaining 30% was extrapolated to arrive at the global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market size. The regional and country level performance of these top players was also studied to derive the market share for different regions and countries.

    Phases of the report production process

    Bottom-Up Approach

    After the top-down approach, bottom-up approach was employed to derive the share and size for other market segments. Initially, the segmental shares were estimated at the country level. Then, the country- level market numbers were added to derive the regional sizes and finally, by adding the regional sizes, global sizes of all the market segments were calculated.

    Phases of the report production process

    List of Assumptions

    • Market Estimates and Forecasting: The market is estimated and forecasted in the realistic manner, instead of optimistic/aggressive way.
    • Currency: All the revenue-related market numbers are shown in globally accepted currency, USD.
    • Exchange Rates and Currency Conversion: For conversion of other currencies to USD, the average exchange rate for that particular year was used. OANDA website was used for all currency conversions in this market study.
    • Dollar Fluctuation: Dollar fluctuations are assumed to be moderate and will not affect the market forecasts during the forecast period.
    • Global Economic Conditions: The global economic conditions are assumed to be stable enabling the market to grow with similar rate as it’s been growing from last four years.
    • Qualitative to Quantitative Data Conversion: This market study extensively covers numerous factors that are impacting the global Asia Pacific Automotive Labels market. In certain cases, direct quantitative data were not available to clearly indicate their influencing power on the market. To handle such cases, a rating mechanism was applied that was purely based on the understanding of the experts involved in the study.